DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS The port of Heraklion has an important independent activity of its own, which,however,is not enough to give it a wider role in the Mediterranean area and in inter- national transportation. The limitations of the port are defined by the consummatory and productive capabilities of the Cretan population.No doubt,there are possibilities for the increase of the productive capabilities in the raw material sector as well as in the industry that will affect the bulk of exports.
The perspective for the expected development of the consummatory activities of the island is relevant and in this respect the role of the port is limited and marginal,unless its privileged position,in the sea transportation business is taken advantage of,and its activities in transportational trade are extended.To this end,the port of Heraklion accidentally has great potential in servicing modern craft as far as the port infrastructure facilities are concerned but lacks in administrative organisation ,legal infrastructure and mechanical equipment. Therefore,the port has great possibilities to play an important role in international transportation due to its geographic position and its existing infrastructure,as well as because of the technological developments in the sector of transportation.It can be a joint for further promotion of trade to secondary routes,with transformation of the products from ships of modern technology ,capability and range of transportation to smaller,traditional or not,middle or short range,ships for the Mediterranean ports. This policy will aim at offering services to the mutual interest of the parts involved in main sectors like : a) Functioning of the free zone of goods for repackaging,storaging,etc., from main to secondary lines. b) Provision of technical structure for the transformation of goods from big to small craft (vessels) and vice versa with- out delay or damage. c) Taking of a complementary role to other ports of the area that suffer either from seasonal over gathering of loads (Piraeus) or lack the possibilities for adaptation to the contemporary developments of sea transportation. d) State agreements for the ease of transportation with countries of state commerce. e) Attracting the interest of big trans- portation companies with well calculated motives depending on various rewards. The development of the port of Heraklion will depend on factors that can be defined by correct programming and other non defined factors.In the latter,the international political situation is included,the energy policy of oil producng countries,and the financial instability that is evident and very flexible in our area. Separating the problem from all these factors that are a common risk for all developing ports,the orientation that is given the port of Heraklion is towards the international transportation and transportational commerce.