Audio Line High-End Preamplifier with ICs

Generally.
Afterwards the Modular preamplifier presentation good is I present also a simpler circuit in the manufacture but very good quality. And in this circuit the philosophy that follow is: simple is also better. As you will see in the circuit, it was used only that a Volume potentiometer. Even the Tape Monitor choice, is considered more enough seldom in the use, remaining useful only in those who they allocate and insist to use 3 heads cassette players and tape open reel. Otherwise can used also this input as LINE, after does not differ in nothing from the other inputs or be suppressed. All the components that constitute the circuit should be top quality. The preamplifier gave sound very good and neutral.  

preamp_2a.gif (37806 bytes)

Description
In the Fig.1A appears the main body that concerns the sound. In the choice exist my constant preference in the relay. I believe that it is the better solution, after it offers the better results of use and sound quality and stability in the time. Of course it depends from the relay quality that we will use. A lot of good constructors offer the suitable solutions. What it should we are careful they are closed type and they contain in the packing diode parallel with the inductor. If we select some type that does not allocate diode parallel with the inductor then it will be supposed place diodes. All the circuit does not allocate unyoke capacitor in the road of sound signal, following DC coupling [for this helps trimmers TR1 -6]. The acoustic signal from the input that be selected is directed in the first buffer stage, that is constituted by two single opamp. IC1 -2. This stage does not offer gain in the acoustic signal. As you would observe in the drawing, all the opamp. allocate one small trimmer [TR1 until  TR6]. The use these trimmers us allows the precise Offset voltage adjusting in the exit opamp. in very low levels [200uV]. Whoever judges that this is excessive, it can them suppress. In each trimmer they exist jumper switch SF1-4. Each switch selects if the trimmer itís supplied by positive or negative voltage line. This depends from the opamp. type that will be used. If we lead to concrete opamp. type and it will need we change then we can suppress. In Table 1 appears the voltage polarity with which it should be connected the trimmer depending on opamp. type. The regulation trimmer should become, after the preamplifier works few time and with potentiometer RV1 in lowest resistance [closed], without it is connected some power amplifier in the preamplifier output. The opamp. choices in places  IC5 -6 are such in order that the trimmer connection TR5 -6 becomes exclusively with the positive voltage line. Afterwards the first stage it follows the RV1 VOLUME potentiometer, which should they are very good quality. It follows the OUTPUT LINE stage constituted from the IC3 -4. In this stage becomes level gain of such signal in level so that are drve all the types of power amplifiers. With values R15 -18=15Kohm and R16 -20=2.2Kohm the gain is roughly 17dB [X7 5]. This gain can change, if we change somebody from these resistances following the calculation type of gain A = R14 + R15 + R16 / R16. Resistances R14-18 protect the opamp. exit from short-circuit as also they make the suitable long cables adaptation. These resistances are placed in the feedback bronchus, for this reason should they are calculated in the total gain. In the output exist the contacts of RL6 that close when passes the delay time that is determined by the C13 and IC7a-b [Fig 1A], so that are not listen annoying noises in the power supply opening and the closure. Opamp.  IC5-6 they function as buffer with X1 gain, driving the Record outputs J11 -12. 

Table 1

NE5534 +V
OPA604 -V
OPA627 +V
OPA637 +V
Opamp. Choice.
The opamp. choice is a basic factor for the good reproduction of sound. A cheap, but good solution is the use in all the places of classic NE5534. The better certain choice are the OPA604, OPA627 and OPA637 of Burr - Brown but they are more expensive. The OPA637 is Top but it does not provide stability with gain under X4, hence it is excluded from places IC1-2-5-6 where the gain is X1. The OPA604 is the better choice because it has too much good characteristics and is good-value. Is a single fast opamp. that combines use FET but also bipolar technology semiconductors. It has very low distortion, low noise, big bandwidth, he is constant in the gain X1 and it can drive 600 ohms loads.  

Part List Main Preamp. [Fig.1A]

R1.....R10=47K ohms

TR1.....TR6=100K ohms Multiturn Trimmer

SF1......SF4=Jumper Switch [See Text]
R11-12-21-23=1M ohms RV1=2X10K ohms  Log. Pot. [ALPS-NOBLE] J1.....J14=RCA Type Female gold-plated plug
R13-17=470K ohms C1......C12=100nF 100V MKP 5%
R14-18-22-24=100 ohms IC1-2=OPA604-OPA627-NE5534 [See Text]
R15-19=12K  ohms [See Text] IC3-4=OPA604-OPA627-OPA637-NE5534 [See Text] All Registors is 1/4W 1% Metal film
R16-20=1.8K ohms IC5-6=OPA604-OPA627-NE5534 [See Text] For ICs Techical Data see my Database
.

Input Selector and Delay Time [Fig.1B]

preamp_2b.gif (14318 bytes)

Input Selector -Delay output connection [Fig 1B] 
Here exists the circuit of inputs choice relays from the S1, Tape monitor from the S2, MUTE from the S3 and the delay output connection circuit [IC7A-B]. With the S1A supply with + 12V [+ VD] the corresponding relay. Simultaneously turns on also the corresponding Led D1ÖD4, so that we know who entry we selected. In the same simple operation is supported also the choice Tape monitor. When we supply the preamplifier with supply, the +VDD supplies IC7A his exit becomes High, via the R28 charge capacitor C13, after 5 seconds the exit of   IC7B becomes  High, the  Q1 closes also the   RL6 arm. If you want to change this time it will be supposed you change the value of C13 with different from the one that I give in the part. To itís the circuit simplest operation MUTE becomes with the S3 as follows. In the normal place the S3 is closed. When select operation MUTE the switch open is interrupted the supply to the RL6 which the contacts open so that is interrupted the flow of signal to the preamplifier exit. Simultaneously turns on the D7 Led, showing MUTE operation. Closing again the S3 the supply is restored immediately and the contacts of RL6 closes, whenever the acoustic signal drive again the power amplifiers. As you observe the second contacts team of S1 they are jump and via these becomes the supply of + 12V in the S3. This ensures that each time the S1 rotary switch moved by a place in the other exist small time supply pause of RL6 with +12V [+VD]. Thus each time where it become the choice of some input, the exit of preamplifier is interrupted with result likely noises, are not listen.
.

Part List Sel. and Delay [Fig.1B]

R28=1M ohms C14=100nF 100V MKT 5% RL1.....RL6=Relay 12V [See Text]
R25-26-30=1K ohms IC7=4081 c-mos S1=6 stepX2 contact Rotary Switch [See Text]
R27=10K ohms D1.....D5-7=Red Led 3mm S2-3=1X2 step mini switch
R29=39K ohms D6=1N4148 All Registors is 1/4W 1% Metal film
C13=4.7uF 25V Q1=BD678 For ICs Techical Data see my Database

Power Supply [Fig.2]

preamp_2c.gif (26462 bytes)

Power supply.
Essential condition for a high-End preamplifier, it is accompanied with proportional quality power supply. In the input of network supply exist JF1 plug that contains also filter EMI. Exist different supply circuit, for the sound section and the relay section, completely separated with different ground line. In the sound circuits section select the solution of double voltage stabilization. This topology creates a very powerful filter, which ensures very good ripple reject and noise results. Simultaneously it ensures small degree thermic and mechanic regulators fatiguing in the duration of time. The output voltage regulation of stabilizers becomes with multiturn trimmer that exist in each regulator. All the regulators should be placed in small heatsink. Regulator IC6 is not adjusted but constant out voltage +12V. In the relay supply line donít want something more. The use in the place of C31-32 capacitors with small capacity ensures fast uncharged at the main supply closure, so that opens fast the relay RL6 disconnect the preamplifier output. Thus no noises from uncharge of supply capacitor does not pass in the power amplifiers. The Zener D17 in combination with the R11 they create a voltage stable +12V so that is supplied the IC7.  Transformer T1 good it is placed as long as more far it becomes from the sound circuits.
.

Part List For Power Supply [Fig.2]

R1-6-7-10=170 ohms C27=470uF 25V TR1.....TR4=10K ohms Multiturn Trimmer
R2-4=3.3K ohms C30-32=4.7uF 25V T1=230Vac @2X22V 50VA //12V 5VA
R3-5-8-9=15K ohms C31=47uF 40V S1=2step 2contact Switch [230Vac 3A]
R11=2.2K ohms 1W B1=Bridge Rectifier 80V-3A F1=1A Slo Blo Fuse
C1....C4=22nF 100V MKT B2=4 Diodes 1N4002 JF1=3pin male supply jack with EMI Filter
C5.....C8=4700uF 63V D1.....D6=1N4002
C9-10=1uF 100V MKT D7=12V 0.4W Zener
C11-12-15-16-19-20-28-29=100nF 100V IC1-2=LM317T [On Small Heatsink] All Registors is 1/4W 1% Metal film
C13-14-21-22-25-26=10uF 25V IC3-4=LM337T [On Small Heatsink] For ICs Techical Data see my Database
C-17-18=100uF 40V IC5=LM7812 [On Small Heatsink]
.

 

Sam Electronic Circuits 3/04